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Endoscopic & Minimal Invasive Surgery Research Center
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Historical Perspective

The tenth century Arabian physician Abulkasim (936 - 1013) is credited with the first documented use of reflected light to view an internal body cavity. Although the procedure was successful, thermal injury from the light source limited the technique.
Improvements in optics in the latter half of the nineteenth century rekindled interest in the procedure. Around the turn of the nineteenth century, in Europe, particularly in Austria and Germany, many different centers were exploring endoscopy and laparoscopy. In 1869, Karl Stoerk , an Austrian laryngologist, inspected the esophagus of a patient with an instrument comprised of different jointed segments that could be straightened after insertion. In 1901, Georg Kelling, a German physician, coined the term “ celioscopy “ in describing his use of a cystoscope to examine the peritoneal cavity of a dog, utilizing insufflation with air. In 1910, Jacobaeus, a Swedish physician, reported the first use of celioscopy in humans, and in 1912, he published a 97 – patient series. The first reported use of laparoscopy in the United States occurred in 1911 when Bertram Bernheim of John Hopkins University performed “ organoscopy “ on two patients, one of which was a patient of W. S. Halstead, diagnosing localized pancreatic cancer, which was later confirmed at open laparotomy by Dr. Halstead.
Heinz Kalk built upon the work of Jacobeus and, in fact, opened a school for laparoscopy in Germany in the 1920s. He made a number of key advances including the introduction of the angled telescope as well as describing a multiport procedure for performing liver biopsies. The next major advance was made by Veress in 1938 with the development of a needle that was inserted into the abdominal cavity to induce pneumoperitoneum. It could be argued that it was the work of Kurt Semm, a gynecologist who introduced the automatic insufflator in the 1970s, that ushered in the modern era of laparoscopy.The ability to automatically regulate gas flow and abdominal pressure significantly reduced the incidence of bowel perforations as well as injury to other intra – abdominal and retroperitoneal structures. Semm developed a thermocoagulator to help reduce the injuries caused by unipolar cautery. He also developed the angled – lens scope and hook scissors to allow better visualization and manipulation of pelvic structures. With Hasson’s development of the “open “ technique of cannula insertion in the late 1970s, laparoscopy became a safe and effective procedure with innumerable applications. In fact, by 1984, Semm had performed over 14,000 laparoscopic procedures with an overall complication rate of 0.28%. Despite these advances, it was not until the introduction of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy firstly performed in 1988 independently by Mouret in France and McKernan and Saye in the United States that laparoscopic surgery gained widespread acceptance.
 
 
 
 
 

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Endoscopic & Minimal Invasive Surgery Research Center
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
 
  Useful links for Endoscopic Surgery

  

The Miriam Hospital - Minimally Invasive Surgery

Ohio State University - Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery

What is Minimally Invasive Surgery?

The University of CHICAGO CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL - Minimally Invasive Surgery

European Association for Endoscopic Surgery

The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES)

WebMD: Better Information. Better Health. Surgery Lite: Understanding Endoscopic Surgery

Endoscopy From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

ENDOSCOPIC SURGERY OF THE SPINE


A Review of 4 Years’ Practice

ModernMedicine - Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery procedures nearing clinical feasibility

Medical News TODAY- Technology For Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site Surgery Advanced By Olympus

newswise - With Endoscopic Surgery, Patient Has Large Pituitary Tumor Removed and Goes Home Two Days Later

THE BELGIAN GROUP FOR ENDOSCOPIC SURGERY

RealSelf - Endoscopic surgery

University of  Pittsburgh - Department of Neurological Surgery - Endoscopic Endonasal Surgery of the Cranial Base and Pituitary Fossa

PLASTIC SURGERY Changes & SPA- Cosmetic Surgery - Endoscopic Surgery

Northern Rivers General Practice Network- for Healthy Communities

 

National Guideline Clearinghouse - Guideline Title
   
Role of endoscopy in the bariatric surgery patient

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Endoscopic & Minimal Invasive Surgery Research Center
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
 What is minimally invasive surgery?
  




 

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Endoscopic & Minimal Invasive Surgery Research Center
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
 Head
Dr. Tavassoli, Alireza MD- General Surgeon
Associate Professor
Email:
TavassoliA[at]mums.ac.ir
 Establishing Committee
Dr. Rajabi Mashhadi, Mohammadtaghi (MD- General Surgeon)
Associate Professor
Dr. Bagheri, Reza Thoracic Surgeon
Associate Professor
Email: BagheriR[at]mums.ac.ir
 
Dr. Hiradfar, mehran Pediatric Surgeon
Associate Professor
Email: HiradfarM[at]mums.ac.ir
 
Dr. Ahmadnia, hassan Urologist
Associate Professor
Email:
AhmadniaH[at]mums.ac.ir
 
Dr. Ayatollahi, hossein Pathologist
Assistant Professor
Email: AyatollahiH[at]mums.ac.ir
Dr. Nematy, mohsen PhD
Assistant Professor
Email: NematyM[at]mums.ac.ir
 
 

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Endoscopic & Minimal Invasive Surgery Research Center
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
 
Educational Slides

 
Title
Lecturer
 
Dr. Sobhani
 
DR. Noor Shafiee
 
Dr. Bahadoorzade
 
Dr. Nazarzade, reza
 
Dr. Khosravi
 
Dr. Adhami, kamran
 
Dr. Rezaee
  Breast Reconstruction Dr. Beiraghi Toosi, Arash
  Updates InBreast Cancer Surgery Dr. Fattahi, Asieh S.
  Single PortLaparoscopy Dr. Shabahang, H.
  Scientific proliferation Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  How to find a worthy research subject Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  How to find the relevant articles Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Which journal Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Some standard formats of reporting Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Authors and criteria of authorship Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Title Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Introduction Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Materials and methods Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Results Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Discussion Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  References and citation Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Abstract and keyword Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Case reports Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Letter to editors Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  Publication ethics Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  How to submit a completed manuscript Dr. Sadeghi, ramin
  What happens after submission Dr. Sadeghi, ramin